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Discovering Gallura

Discovering Gallura


The name Gallura comes from the Gallura dialect Gaddùra, which means rocky or stony. It is the north-eastern sub-region of Sardinia, bordered to the west by the Coghinas river, to the south by the Limbara massif and ending at Monte Nieddu which closes the border to the southeast. The most important centre is Olbia, the most famous areas are the Costa Smeralda located in the municipality of Arzachena and the splendid Maddalena Archipelago, which is world famous for tourism. Calangianus and Tempio Pausania are internationally known for their cork and granite industries.

Gallura represents a crossroads of history, art and culture, overlaid with strata of foreign domination and agricultural and pastoral civilizations that have learned over time to benefit from the fruits of the earth. Inland Gallura offers landscapes of rare beauty that are still intact, where you can enjoy the magnificence of the four dolmens at Luras and the shepherds’ huts, walk by Lake Coghinas or Monte Limbara, and be enchanted by the bizarre shapes of the rocks along the Valle della Luna. Did you know that there is a millenary olive tree near the Lago di Liscia lake which is an extraordinary natural monument almost 4000 years old and which is now a UNESCO heritage site?

A few kilometres from our resort there are two important examples of Gallura’s past. The first is the Nuragic village of La Prisgiona, which is located in the Capichera valley in the municipality of Arzachena and which is an archaeological site of five hectares consisting of a nuraghe and a village of about a hundred huts. Not far away is the Coddu Vecchiu Giant’s Tomb. In the area around Santa Teresa Gallura, near the village of Santa Reparata, there is another important Nuragic complex, Lu Brandali: a nuraghe with an outer wall, a village, a Giant’s Tomb and a series of “tafone” tombs, two archaeological sites that are a splendid reflection of Gallura’s Nuragic heritage.

Aggius is a town in the Gallura inland with very ancient origins. The original inhabitants were independent and rebellious characters who used to settle disputes with their own methods, rejecting codes and laws imposed by the rulers, as well as taxes and conscription. In the 19th century, a bloody feud between two local families conditioned the life of the town and inspired the Sassari writer Enrico Costa to write his novel ‘Il Muto di Gallura”, which formed the basis of a 2021film directed by Matteo Fresi. In Aggius there are some truly unique museums, such as the famous Banditry Museum which, while not wishing to glorify the figure of the outlaw, offers visitors an overview of documents, photos, films, objects and testimonies from three centuries of banditry.

The Oliva Carta Cannas Ethnographic Museum presents all the richness of Gallura’s history, traditions and popular culture from 1600 to today, with period furnishings and everyday objects set within a large evocative structure combining green spaces and granite. Inside the museum there is a weaving room where the ancient rugs of Aggius are kept, and where even today, visitors can watch in amazement as colourful new carpets are created under the skilled hands of the weavers. The wools and yarns are coloured with dyes obtained from herbs from the surrounding landscape.

Esperienze ed escursioni in Gallura

There are other inland villages which enrich the archaeological landscape of Gallura, the picture-perfect town of Santa Teresa di Gallura and ancient local capitals such as Tempio Pausania, or even the town of Castelsardo, considered among the most beautiful in Italy with its medieval fortress perched on the Anglona promontory.

Esperienze ed escursioni in Gallura
Valle dell’Erica organizes outdoor trips to enjoy the real Sardinia. You choose the means of transport: trekking, bicycle, or with specialist guides so that you can get to know a culture that is thousands of years old, discover mysterious places, find spaces to meditate and seek peace. Or you could lose yourself among the cork oaks, vineyards, holm oaks and olive trees that dot the hills and woods, then stop for a snack of bread, cold cuts and cheeses and other exquisite Gallura specialities.

The best way to discover Gallura? Let yourself be carried away by the roads and paths of a thousand-year history, let yourself be enchanted by a coast where every bay opens up to unprecedented scenarios of beauty and imagination and where the rocks, smoothed by the wind and the sea, create unique natural sculptures found nowhere else in the world.